FIGURES

 
 
 
 
 
Figure 1.1
Figure 1.1

Kanban system

Figure 1.2
Figure 1.2

Drum buffer rope system

Figure 2.1
Figure 2.1

Four major waves—the evolution of continuous improvement

Figure 3.1
Figure 3.1

Hidden factory

Figure 3.2
Figure 3.2

Value characterization decision flowchart

Figure 3.3
Figure 3.3

Order fulfillment value stream

Figure 3.4
Figure 3.4

Takt time and balancing workload

Figure 3.5
Figure 3.5

Takt time—unbalanced work

Figure 3.6
Figure 3.6

Process flow matrix

Figure 3.7
Figure 3.7
Figure 3.8
Figure 3.8

Example of a traditional layout

Figure 3.9
Figure 3.9

Example of a work cell layout

Figure 3.10
Figure 3.10

5S-CANDO

Figure 3.11
Figure 3.11

Poka-yoke, error-proofing

Figure 3.12
Figure 3.12

Kanban system mechanics

Figure 3.13
Figure 3.13

Inventory hides problems

Figure 3.14
Figure 3.14

Six Sigma evolution

Figure 3.15
Figure 3.15

Normal distribution

Figure 3.16
Figure 3.16

Process control

Figure 3.17
Figure 3.17

1.5 sigma shift assumption

Figure 3.18
Figure 3.18

Area under normal curve assuming 1.5 sigma shift

Figure 3.19
Figure 3.19

Relationship of sigma levels and PPM

Figure 3.20
Figure 3.20

FPY in a two-step process

Figure 3.21
Figure 3.21

Sustainable operational ecosystem

Figure 4.1
Figure 4.1

T, OE, I relationship